America has benefited enormously from the salad bowl mix of people from all over the globe that call these United States home. It’s what shapes everything from our music to our traditions to our cuisine. Few parts of the world have had a greater effect on America’s food tapestry than the Asian Pacific. We’ve got Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, and yes Korean restaurants, among others.

Lots of times we Americanize foreign foods but when it comes to Asian food, the closer you get it to authentic the better it is. It’s a thing we compete about on the coasts – who has the best Chinese or Italian. Then it becomes part of our American diet. That’s when we start trying to make these dishes at home.

The problem is, it’s not just the food that’s different – it’s the ingredients too. Generally speaking, you can’t substitute white flour for Korean wheat flour and expect to make a mean Korean-style vegetable pancake. You have to use a specific type of flour that is typically only authentically made in Korea – South Korea that is. If you’ve never heard of it before, here’s everything you need to know.

 To create your own pancake mix, try taking your all-purpose flour and mixing it with equal parts rice flour. Then add a bit of starch and baking powder. Once you season it and add in your shrimp, mussels, and clams, you should have something close to a genuine Korean-style seafood pancake

What’s the Difference between Korean Wheat Flour and Other Flours?

Most people don’t spend too much time thinking deeply about the different types of flours there are. Among white flours alone there are a number of distinctions, but who among us doesn’t just look for all-purpose white and call it a day most days? Well, to understand the difference between Korean wheat flour and other types of flour, it’s important to know what distinguishes one type from another.

First off, where you live kind of determines the type of flour you are used to. For example, wheat produced in the U.S. is different in the north than in the south. In the north, the wheat is harder and thicker with protein. In the south, the wheat is soft and lighter on protein.

It is the protein that makes the difference because that’s where the gluten comes from – the sticky stuff that makes bread rise. Here’s a quick rundown of typical wheat flours nearly all Americans are familiar with:

  • All-Purpose Flour: It’s all purpose because it is hard and soft, a.k.a. medium (11% protein). You can bake a lot of different things with it from pies to cakes to muffins.
  • Cake Flour: Bakers know cake flour is different from regular white flour. It has less protein (8%) and is bleached; as the name suggests, it’s used specifically to make cake.
  • Pastry Flour: When you want to bake a pie, in order to get that flaky light pie crust, you need something with a little more protein (9% about) – a medium flour. It’s also used for breading and frying foods.
  • Bread Flour: The densest of all of the flours, it is rich in protein at 13%. All of that yeast and gluten produces that puffy, chewy, center that we all love in dinner rolls and fresh baked bread.
  • Whole Wheat Flour: Baking with whole wheat flour takes special skills. You can’t get denser than this protein and nutrient packed flour.

When it comes to Korean wheat flour, there isn’t really a range of flours. Authentic Korean wheat flour is hard. Because of that it is not good at all for baking cakes and pies. Likewise, you can’t use all-purpose, cake, or pastry flour to make Korean pancakes. If you want to replicate real Korean food, it starts with using real Korean wheat flour – period!

Cooking with Korean Wheat Flour  

How your flour bonds together is a direct result of the flour’s protein content. Korean pancakes have a multi-texture feel to them. They are thin yet chewy on the inside and at the same time crispy on the outside. It takes a special kind of flour to do that; which is why you can’t take shortcuts if you want to make any of these recipes work:

3 Recipes Using Korean Wheat Flour

One of the most popular Korean treats Americans love that uses Korean wheat flour is the traditional Korean pancake. It’s not a breakfast food so hold the syrup! It’s actually more like a wonton slash egg roll. It is stuffed with kimchi sometimes, usually with some sort of seafood mixed with vegetables, and a cabbage mixture. Here are 3 different pancake recipes to try out:

Korean Wheat Flour - korean pancake
  • Korean-Style Vegetable Pancakes – This recipe mixes in some non-traditional veggies like zucchini and sweet potato to create a fantastic appetizer. Don’t like zucchini and sweet potatoes? You can sub in whatever veggies you like with this recipe!
  • Haemul Pajeon - Korean Wheat Flour


  • Korean-Style Seafood and Scallion Pancakes – Chances are you’re going to bump into a vendor or two selling these yummy treats as you’re walking down the streets of South Korea. Try this recipe which combines a mixture of bite-sized clam, oyster, shrimp, squid, and mussels to make a super hearty Korean-style pancake.

  • 3.-Kimchi-Pancake-Kimchi-Buchimgae
    • Korean-Style Kimchi Pancakes – No seafood in these darlings. Kimchi pancakes are hugely popular and don’t call for tons of seafood meat to make – just a bunch of red and green chilies, and of course, plenty of kimchi!

    Where to Buy Korean Wheat Flour

    You’ll notice that in some of these recipes, all-purpose flour is substituted for Korean wheat flour. It may get you close but you won’t win the cigar if you skimp on the flour. The good news is you don’t have to skimp. You can buy over five pounds of real authentic All-Purpose Korean Wheat Flour below.


    Some Korean-style pancake recipes call for using a Korean pancake mix instead of you creating the batter from scratch. You can buy some of that stuff too right now. The Sweet Korean Pancake Mix from Hotteok is a great pick!

    The Best Substitutes for Korean Wheat Flour

    In a pinch you can throw a few ingredients together to try to replicate a Korean pancake mix. Most homes in Korea keep some pancake mix on hand for dinner, for snacks, and for parties. A favorite among these types of snacks is the Pajeon.

    The Ultimate Guide to Korean Wheat Flour

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